Assessment of DNA damage and cytotoxicity of palmatine on human skin epithelial carcinoma cells

Journal Article
Ali, Daoud Ali & Huma . 2014
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry - Taylor & Francis
Issue Number: 
6
Volume Number: 
96
Pages: 
941-950
Publication Abstract: 

The present investigation was carried out to examine the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of a Tinospora cordifolia crude methanolic extract (palmatine) on human skin epithelial carcinoma cells (A431). T. cordifolia is one of the indispensable medicinal plants used in Ayurvedic medicine for treatment of various diseases and recommended for improving the immune system. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity evaluation was carried out using A431 cells treated with different concentrations of palmatine. The duration of the treatment was 24 and 48 hr. A cellular proliferative capacity test showed that palmatine produced cytotoxicity in concentration- and timedependent manner. Further, palmatine induced significant intracellular reactive oxygen species generation and elevated lipid peroxidation, as well as activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase. DNA fragmentation analysis using the comet assay showed that palmatine induced genotoxicity in a concentration- and timedependent manner. Evidence indicates palmatine is capable of induction of oxidative stress resulting in cell death and genomic instability.