Evaluation of genotoxic and oxidative stress response to dimethoate in freshwater fish Channa punctatus (Bloch)

Journal Article
, Daoud Ali, Phool Gend Kumar, Sudhir Kumar & . 2014
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
Chemical Speciation & Bioavailability - Taylor & Francis
Issue Number: 
2
Volume Number: 
26
Pages: 
111-118
Publication Abstract: 

Dimethoate is one of the organophosphate insecticides widely used in agriculture throughout the world and is an inhibitor of cholinesterase in animals. The objective of the present study was to detect oxidative stress and DNA damage induced by dimethoate in the freshwater fish Channa punctatus (C. punctatus). The LC50-96 h value of technical grade dimethoate was estimated at 19.10 μg L-1 in a semi-static system and, on the basis of the LC50 value, three concentrations were determined. The fish were exposed to these concentrations of dimethoate for 96 h and samplings were done at 24 and 96 h for assessment of oxidative stress and DNA damage. After exposure to dimethoate, the level of superoxide dismutase declined while lipid peroxidation, glutathione, induction of micronucleus and DNA damage were increased in C. punctatus as the concentration and exposure time increased. Thus our results suggest that dimethoate induces genotoxic effects which invariably accompanied and correlated with oxidative stress.