Susceptibility of the freshwater pulmonate snail Lymnea luteola L. to copper oxide nanoparticle

Journal Article
Ali, Daoud Ali & Huma . 2015
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry - Taylor & Francis
Issue Number: 
5
Volume Number: 
97
Pages: 
576-587,
Publication Abstract: 

Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuONP) are among the most widely used engineered nanoparticles and thus likely to permate the environment predominantly in sediments. The present study was designed to examine the adverse effects of CuONP in freshwater snail Lymnea luteola L. (L. luteola) exposed for 5 days. Induction of oxidative stress in digestive gland was evidenced by a decrease in reduced glutathione (GSH) levels, and activities of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione-Stransferase (GST) whereas lipid peroxidation levels were increased at CuONP 7 or 21 mg/L. Superoxide dismutase activity was numerically higher at lower concentration of CuONP at 1 day but significantly decreased at 5 days. Catalase activity was reduced at 2 days but elevated at lower concentration of CuONP at 5 days. DNA impairment was noted in L. luteola based upon comet assay findings and expressed in terms of % tail DNA and olive tail moment. Results indicate that interaction of CuONP with snail produces toxicity, which is mediated by oxidative stress.