Assessment of DNA repair efficiency in the inbred BTBR T+tf/J autism spectrum disorder mouse model exposed to gamma rays and treated with JNJ7777120

Journal Article
H.A, Al-Mazroua H.A., Alomar H.A., Ahmad S.F., Attia M.S., Nadeem A., Bakheet S.A., Alsaad A.M.S., Alotaibi M.R., . 2019
Publication Work Type: 
PHD
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Volume Number: 
93
Pages: 
189–196
Publication Abstract: 

Information regarding DNA repair in autism is limited to a few studies, which have reported inconsistent results. Therefore, we designed a study to determine whether DNA repair efficiency is altered in autism and to investigate whether the H4 ligand JNJ7777120 can enhance DNA repair efficiency in BTBR T+tf/J (BTBR) mice; we also attempted to elucidate the mechanism(s) underlying this amelioration. Evaluation of DNA damage using the comet assay on bone marrow cells showed increased levels of DNA damage in BTBR mice compared with agematched control C57BL/6J mice. Conversely, BTBR animals pretreated with 20 mg/kg JNJ7777120 for five days exhibited significant decreases in DNA damage compared with that of control BTBR mice. Our results also indicated higher sensitivity of BTBR mice exposed to gamma rays to DNA damage generation. A marked difference was observed between BTBR and C57BL/6J mice at different sampling times after irradiation, with BTBR mice showing a higher percentage of DNA damage and slower repair rate than that of C57BL/6J mice. JNJ7777120 led to enhanced repair of the DNA damage induced by radiation when administered to BTBR mice five days prior to radiation. Additionally, oxidative stress in BTBR mice was significantly elevated with a reduced GSH/GSSG ratio; significant amelioration was subsequently observed in JNJ7777120-pretreated BTBR mice.
Furthermore, repetitive behaviors were also attenuated in BTBR mice by JNJ7777120 treatment without altering locomotor activity. Our results suggest that JNJ7777120 can be developed for use as a therapeutic agent to enhance DNA repair efficiency in autism spectrum disorder.