DAPTA, a C-C chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) antagonist attenuates immune aberrations by downregulating Th9/Th17 immune responses in BTBR T+ Itpr3tf/J mice

Journal Article
Attia, Sheikh F. Ahmad, Mushtaq A. Ansari, Ahmed Nadeem, Saleh A. Bakheet, Moureq R. Alotaibi, Abdullah F. Alasmari, Musaad A. Alshammari, Haneen A. Al-Mazroua, Sabry M. . 2019
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
European Journal of Pharmacology
Issue Number: 
24
Volume Number: 
846
Pages: 
100-108
Publication Abstract: 

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. BTBR T+ Itpr3tf/J (BTBR) mice, a preclinical autistic model featuring ASD symptoms as defined by social relations, was used in this study. We evaluated the potentially protective effect of D-Ala-peptide T-amide (DAPTA), a selective C-C chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) antagonist, in BTBR mice. CCR5 is considered a potential therapeutic target in different neurodegenerative disorders. BTBR and C57 mice were intraperitoneally (i.p) treated with the DAPTA (0.01 mg/kg, i.p, once daily) for 7 days. We examined the effect of DAPTA by evaluating marble burying and administering repetitive behavior tests. We employed flow cytometry to assess the effect of DAPTA on CCR5+, CD4+CCR5+, CCR5+IL-6+, CCR5+IL-9+, CCR5+IL-17A+, CCR5+RORγT+, CCR5+IL-10+, and CCR5+Foxp3+ in spleen cells. We further explored the effects of DAPTA on IL-6, IL-9, IL-17A, RORγT, IL-10, and Foxp3 protein and mRNA expression levels in the brain tissues. DAPTA administration significantly decreased marble burying and repetitive behavior in BTBR mice. Additionally, DAPTA treatment inhibited CCR5+, CD4+CCR5+, CCR5+IL-6+, CCR5+IL-9+, CCR5+IL-17A+, CCR5+RORγT+, and upregulated CCR5+IL-10+, and CCR5+Foxp3+ production. We further observed that DAPTA downregulated IL-6, IL-9, IL-17A, and RORγT, and increased IL-10 and Foxp3 protein and mRNA expression. Therefore, our results suggest that DAPTA administration represents a potential treatment strategy for patients with ASD.