Publications

The ecotoxicology of nano-titanium oxide (TiO2-NPs) has been initiated recently but still there is no clarity in the results. The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of sub lethal toxicity of nanoparticles of TiO2 on the muscular...
Traditional medicinal literature and previous studies have reported the possible role of Cissus quadrangularis (CQ) as an anti-osteoporotic agent. This study examines the effectiveness of CQin promoting osteoblast differentiation of the murine pre-...
The present study aimed to assess the appropriate level of replacement of fish meal (FM) with alternative plant sources in the feed fed to Oreochromis niloticus to evaluate the growth performance. Three isoproteinious (40% crude protein) diets were...
Amur ide (Leuciscus waleckii), an important aquaculture species, inhabits neutral freshwater but can tolerate high salinity or alkalinity. As an extreme example, the population in Dali Nor lake inhabits alkalized soda water permanently, and migrates...
A high-density linkage map of goldfish (Carassius auratus) was constructed using RNA-sequencing. This map consists of 50 linkage groups with 8,521 SNP markers and an average resolution of 0.62 cM. Approximately 84% of markers are in protein-coding...
In humans, the frizzled (FZD) gene family encodes 10 homologous proteins that commonly localize to the plasma membrane. Besides being associated with three main signaling pathways for cell development, most FZDs have different physiological effects...
The complete mitochondrial genome of the first individual Rhinogobio typus collected from the Yellow River were sequenced and compared with the previously reported complete mitochondrial sequence of Rhinogobio typus from the Yangtze River. The...
his study investigates the potential of the comet and micronucleus assays of fish DNA as a means of screening the toxicity of aquatic environments. Catla catla and Cirrhinus mrigala collected from the River Chenab in Pakistan were used as a case...
Feed efficiency is an economically important trait in aquaculture, which can be measured traditionally as feed conversion ratio (FCR). Because of the difficult measurement, genome-wide selection using quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting FCR may...
Newcastle disease (ND) is a major infectious disease of the poultry caused by a virulent strain of Avian Paramyxovirus – 1, that is a single strand non-segmented negative sense RNA virus. ND virus is major threat to the poultry industry in many...
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are a large family of polypeptide growth factors, which are found in organisms ranging fromnematodes to humans. In vertebrates, a number of FGFs have been shown to play important roles in developing embryos and adult...
Aquaporins (Aqps) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate the transport of water and small solutes across cell membranes. Among vertebrate species, Aqps are highly conserved in both gene structure and amino acid sequence. These proteins are...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the eff ect of anthropogenic pollution on DNA damage and the fatty acid profi le of the bottom dweller fi sh ( Cirrhinus mrigala ), collected from the River Chenab, in order to assess the eff ect of the...
The eastern and southern parts of the Faisalabad city produce considerable quantities of industrial and municipal pollutants, much of which is drained into the River Chenab, reducing the productivity of fauna and flora in the river. This study was...
A cross sectional study was conducted in two types of respiratory patients in hospital population. It was found that tuberculosis (T.B) was the most common type (29.66%) followed by the asthma (28.08%) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD...
A large number of methods have been applied to evaluate genotoxic damage in different aquatic species. Comet assay, as a method for detecting DNA alterations, and micronucleus test, as an index of chromosomal damage are the most widely used and...
 The objective of this study was to determine chromosomal damage in occupational workers of the radiation department from three different hospitals, Faisalabad, Pakistan exposed for a long term to ionizing radiations using micronucles (MN) assay. A...
The aquatic ecosystem of the River Ravi is facing serious challenges due to anthropogenic activities. The aim of this research was to determine the concentration of some pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic...
The present study was conducted to estimate genetic diversity of hybrid produced by two major carps (Labeo rohita and Catla catla) using DNA fingerprinting RAPD-ISSRs assay. A total of 65 RAPD-ISSR combinations were studied to check polymorphism...
Body height (BH), head length (HL), snout length (SL), and tail length (TL) are important traits related with swimming ability of fish. Therefore, improving these traits will increase the production which is the basic goal of aquaculture breeding....
Organophosphates and carbamates are major agrochemicals that strongly affect different neuroenzymes and the growth of various fish species. Here, we study the effect of sublethal concentrations of profenofos and carbofuran on the activity of...
Besides cytological and molecular applications, Paramecium is being used in water quality assessment and for determination of saprobic levels. An unambiguous identification of these unicellular eukaryotes is not only essential, but its ecological...
Background: The common carp is an important aquaculture species that is widely distributed across the world. During the long history of carp domestication, numerous carp strains with diverse skin colors have been established. Skin color is used as a...
Yellowfin goby (Acanthogobius flavimanus) belongs to the Perciformes Gobiidae. In this study, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of A. flavimanus. The complete mitochondrial genome was determined to be 16,663 bp in length including 13...
Pesticides are widely used in modern agriculture to aid in the production of high quality food. However, some pesticides have the potential to cause serious health and/or environmental damage. Organophosphates (OCP’S) and carbamates can cause...
This study evaluates the sanitary conditions of ten selected roof water tanks in Alkharj Governorate, KSA and examines their water quality. A survey was conducted using a questionnaire to collect information about the sanitation of these tanks. The...
Chromosomes can be structurally identified by their sizes, positions of centromeres and nucleolar organizers, and patterns of chromomeres, heterochromatin, and bands. There are four types of aberrations in the chromosomal structure such as deletions...
Diazinon is a widely used organophosphorus pesticide in agriculture and environmental health , hence its adverse effects on non target animals, especially on fish is to be determined. The present research is conducted to study the influence of...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of commercial formulation of triazophos on esterase activity in the liver, kidney, brain, blood and muscles of Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala fingerlings. Toxicity of triazophos...
Effects of inorganic mercury have been studied on the drug metabolizing enzymes (DME) of phenobarbitone- (PB-) and promethazine- (PM-) pretreated male New Zealand white rabbit, Oryctolagus cunciculus. After PB treatment, the activities of cytochrome...
The aquatic environment of the Red Sea is facing many threats resulting from land-based activities. The aim of the present study was to measure the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Red Sea shrimp and to assess the health...
Industrialization and anthropogenic activities are constantly introducing heavy metals in biosphere, which is becoming a serious global issue. Arsenic and cadmium are known human carcinogens, while exposure of lead is also very toxic for human body...
Histopathological changes have been recorded in the gills, liver and intestinal tissue of Labeo rohita from River Ravi receiving industrial waste. Varying concentrations of Pb and Cu were recorded in the liver, gills and intestine of Labeo rohita....
Fish growth and yield depend on the organic and inorganic fertilizer and supplementary feed in freshwater fish culture practices. In ponds, the required nutrients for the proper growth of fish are limited because of the nutrient loss in pond...
This study was conducted in the River Panjkora, Pakistan, in order to assess the level of heavy metals accumulated in the liver, kidneys, gills and muscle tissues of three highly consumed fish species by the local community, Garra gotyla, Cyprinus...
There is an increasing need for an effective tool to es-timate the risks derived from the large number of pollutants released to the environment by human activities. Typical screening methods are highly invasive or lethal to the fish. Recent reports...
The major objective of this experiment was to assess the effect of alternate plant protein sources as a replacement for fish meal in feed on the proximate composition of muscle, liver and tissue in Oreochromis niloticus.O. niloticus of average size...
Specimens of Clarias gariepinus were treated with lethal (70, 75, 80, 85, 90, and 95 mg/L) and sub-lethal concentrations (8, 12 and 16 mg/L) of uranyl acetate, a low-radiotoxicity uranium salt. The LC 50 value was registered as 81.45 mg/L. The...
The organoleptic evaluation and proximate analysis of Cyprinus carpio and Clarias gariepinus were determined in fresh fish and when refrigerated at two different temperatures (-21ºC and 4ºC) for a period of six weeks. A panel of twelve trained...
Concentrations of 10 heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Fe, Mn, Cr, Se, As, and Hg) were determined in different organ tissues of four selected common red sea fish species viz., Lethrinus nebulosus, Cetoscarus pulchellus, Plectorhynchus schotaf and...
The most suitable secondary structures of SSU rRNA of Euplotes adiculatus lahorensis and two new subspecies Tetrahymena tropicalis lahorensis subsp. nov. and Euplotes muscicola SBSrc subsp. nov. are being proposed based on minimum free energy. These...
Muhammad Tahir Asghar,1 K Al-Ghanim,2 Shahid Mahboob,2,3 Muhammad Sharif,4 Jawad Nazir,5 and Abdul Rauf Shakoori1,6*
We aimed to assess the bioaccumulation of selected four trace metals (Cd, Ni, Zn and Co) in four tissues (muscles, skin, gills and liver) of a freshwater fish Wallago attu (lanchi) from three different sites (upstream, middle stream and downstream)...
Healthy and active Clarias gariepinus were exposed to acute and sub-lethal concentrations of DDT for a period of 96 hours and 30 days, respectively. The 96 h LC50 was registered as 1.55 mg/l. It has been observed that protein concentration was...
Various concentrations of biotin were tested in order to achieve fluent excretion of glutamic acid (glu) in a fermentation medium composed of a locally isolated Corynebacterium glutamicum strain. The behaviour of the strain was observed to vary with...
A new copper metallothionein (TfCuMT) gene has been identified from a locally isolated ciliate Tetrahymena farahensis. It contains 327 nucleotides encoding a peptide chain of 108 amino acids and belongs to class MTT2 and subfamily 7b. Amplification...
Constitutive activation of mutant K ras (Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue) and disassembly of E-cadherin–catenin complex (E-cadherin, a-catenin, b-catenin, and g-catenin) play an important role in apoptosis, differentiation, and cell...
The present study reports the accumulation of heavy metals like Cu, Hg, Cd, Pb and Cr in different tissues viz. liver, kidney, gills and muscles of Oreochromisniloticus and Poecilia latipinna from two sites in dam lake of Wadi Namar. Water and...