Mobile IPv6 based Autonomous Routing Protocol (MARP) For Wireless Sensor Networks

Book Chapter
Saleem, Kashif . 2013
Publication Work Type: 
Publishing City: 
Publisher Name: 
Auerbach Publications, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group
Book Title: 
Building Next-Generation Converged Networks: Theory and Practice
Publication Abstract: 

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is one of the core technologies to contribute in the next generation networks (NGNs). WSN consists of numerous miniaturized low cost wireless sensor nodes with limited power, processing capability and data storage. Applications like medical care, battlefield surveillance, fire detection, structural and environmental monitoring can be benefited from wireless sensor nodes that communicates in multihop manner to collect and transfer the required data to the given destination. Several WSN applications require mobile IP version 6 (MIPv6) connectivity to enable universal interaction especially in disaster situation. MIPv6 requires autonomous network reconfiguration and high mobility support. A recent IPv6 enabled routing protocol for WSN defined as IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low power and Lossy Networks (RPL) has been developed to provide IP based communication. However, the mobility factor with autonomous capability is still missing in RPL. In this chapter we present initial design and study of the novel Mobile IPv6 Autonomous Routing Protocol (MARP) for WSN. MARP is the extension of RPL with autonomous routing mechanism Biological inspired Autonomous Routing Protocol (BIOARP). In MARP the autonomous routing decision depends on end-to-end delay, remaining battery power, and signal to noise ratio (SNR) metrics. The proposed MARP initial design and study is carried out on Contiki OS based network simulation Cooja to provide realtime results in terms of delay, packet loss and power consumption in MWSNs.