The Arabian Plate: Unique Fit of the Earth's Surface Jig Saw Puzzle

Journal Article
Aldabbagh, ’Mohammad . 2014
نوع عمل المنشور: 
المجلة \ الصحيفة: 
Arabian Journal of Geosciences
رقم العدد: 
رقم الإصدار السنوي: 
مستخلص المنشور: 

ABSTRACT: The Arabian Plate is important and unique in many ways. The worker wants to highlight the important features characterizing the Arabian Plate. It is a unique fit of the earth's surface jig saw puzzle, different than all other lithospheric plates. It has the three known main tectonic plate boundaries, divergent, convergent and conservative ones.  These boundaries are the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, Zagros-Taurus and Dead Sea respectively. It has three main well defined and sharp plate boundaries and it is surrounded by three major plates, African, Eurasian and Indian plates. The Red Sea and Gulf of Aden forms the divergent boundary and spreading center. The Dead Sea Transform Fault (the Gulf of Aqaba Transform Fault) represents the conservative boundary and transform fault system. The Zagros-Taurus Thrust (Zagros-Taurus- Bitlis Thrust and Fold Belt) represents the convergent boundary and collision zone. The Arabian Plate incorporates a wide range and variety and sub variety of all three rock types, igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks; this in addition to all kinds of structures. Among these are folding with major fold belts, faulting, foliation, lineation and diapirism. Transform, transcurrent, normal, graben, reverse, thrust faults are all represented one way or another. The tectonics of the Arabian shield, which forms a major part of the Arabian Plate, has long tectonic history prior to the formation of the Red Sea. After the opening and formation of the latter the tectonics of the Arabian shield became affected and controlled by its tectonics. The Arabian Plate includes the Arabian Platform which has a relatively different setting of tectonics represented by the Central Arabian Graben. The Arabian Plate contains one of the best representative outcropped ophiolite sequences in the world. The Arabian Plate most importantly incorporates most of world oil reserve. Seismic and volcanic activities are also manifested and affected many areas in the Arabian Plate