Spatial and Statistical analysis of rainfall in the kingdom of saudiArabia from 1979 to 2008
Rainfall should sustain the increasing needs
of agricultural irrigation, the growing population,
and rapid industrialisation (Singh
et al., 2002). Water scarcity, however, is a
chronic problem in the arid and semi-arid
countries of the Middle East. The Kingdom
of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has an extremely dry
climate with a large water supply deficit. The
spatial and temporal distribution, quantity,
and duration of rainfall in the arid and semiarid
zones of the country are highly variable
(Noy-Meir, 1973; Subyani, 2004; Kwarteng
et al., 2009; El-Nesr et al., 2010).
Rainfall is a main source of water in the
KSA. The disparity in rainfall distribution is
great, and some parts of the country receive
heavy rainfall, while others receive little.
Thus, this study was conducted to analyse
the statistical and spatial distribution of
rainfall in the KSA over a 30-yr period.
|Spatial and Statistical analysis of rainfall in the kingdom of saudiArabia from 1979 to 2008||4.49 ميغابايت|