Sonority Sequencing Principle in Sabzevari Persian: A Constraint-Based Approach

Journal Article
Alqahtani, Mufleh Salem M. . 2019
Publication Work Type: 
Research article
Tags: 
Sabzevari syllable structure; SSP violation; vowel epenthesis; metathesis; Optimality Theo
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
Open Linguistics
Issue Number: 
1
Volume Number: 
5
Pages: 
434-465
Publication Abstract: 

This study sheds light on the relationship between the Sonority Sequencing Principle (SSP) and syllable structure in Sabzevari, a Persian vernacular spoken in the Sabzevar area of Northeast Iran. Optimality Theory (OT), as a constraint-based approach, is utilized to scrutinize sonority violation and its repair strategies. The results suggest that obedience to the SSP is mandatory in Sabzevari, as shown through the treatment of word-final clusters in Standard Persian words which violate the SSP. These consonant clusters are avoided in Sabzevari by two phonological processes: vowel epenthesis and metathesis. Vowel epenthesis is motivated by final consonant clusters of the forms /fricative+coronal nasal/, /plosive+bilabial nasal/, /fricative+bilabial nasal/, /plosive+rhotic/, /fricative+rhotic/, and /plosive+lateral/. Metathesis, as another repair strategy for sonority sequencing violations, occurs when dealing with final consonant clusters of the forms /plosive+fricative/and / fricative+lateral/.