Leveraging Platoon Dispersion for Sybil Detection in Vehicular Networks

Conference Paper
AlMutaz, Muhammad . 2013
اسم المؤتمر: 
2013 Eleventh Annual Conference on Privacy, Security and Trust
تاريخ المؤتمر: 
الأربعاء, تموز (يوليو) 10, 2013
مستخلص المنشور: 

​A Sybil attack is one where an adversary assumes multiple identities with the purpose of defeating the trust of an existing reputation system. When Sybil attacks are launched in vehicular networks, an added challenge in detecting malicious nodes is mobility that makes it increasingly difficult to tie a node to the location of attacks. In this paper, we present an innovative protocol for Sybil detection in vehicular networks. Considering that vehicular networks are cyber-physical systems integrating cyber and physical components, our technique exploits well grounded results in the physical (i.e., transportation) domain to tackle the Sybil problem in the cyber domain. Compared to existing works that rely on additional cyber hardware support, or complex cryptographic primitives for Sybil detection, the key innovation in our protocol is leverage the theory of platoon dispersion that models the physics of naturally occurring dispersion in roads. Specifically, our technique employs a certain number of roadside units that periodically collect reports from vehicles regarding their physical neighborhood as they move in roads. Leveraging from existing models of platoon dispersion, we design a protocol to detect anomalously close neighborhoods that are reflective of Sybil attacks. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work integrating a well established theory in transportation engineering for detecting cyber space attacks in vehicular networks. The resulting protocol is naturally simple, efficient and performs very well.