Non-High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and other Lipid Measures in Arab Adolescents

Journal Article
GP, Al-Daghri NM, Aljohani N, Alokail MS, Al-Attas OS, Al-Saleh Y, Wani K, Alnaami AM, Alfawaz H, Al-Ajlan ASM, Kumar S, Chrousos . 2015
Publication Work Type: 
PHD
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
J Clin Lipidol
Publication Abstract: 

BACKGROUND:

Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) has been identified as a significant predictor of various cardiovascular events in adults. Limited studies have been conducted in the pediatric population with diverse results, depending on ethnic origin. None has been conducted in the Arabic adolescent population so far; this study aims to fill this gap.

METHODS:

In this cross-sectional study, 1690 Saudi school adolescents (968 boys [mean age 14.8 ± 1.7] and 722 girls [mean age 14.6 ± 1.7]) were recruited. Anthropometrics were obtained. Fasting blood glucose and lipid profiles were quantified routinely. Non-HDL-C was calculated and screening was done for dyslipidemia using cutoffs obtained from the cohort and elevated fasting glucose.

RESULTS:

Using the 90th percentile cutoff obtained, the overall prevalence of high non-HDL-C (≥4.26 mmol/L) was 10.1%. Prevalence was slightly higher in girls (10.5%) than boys (9.9%). Non-HDL-C was similar to other lipids in terms of significant associations with anthropometric measures and glucose in both boys and girls. Elevated triglycerides was most predictive of elevated glucose in both girls (odds ratio 2.41; confidence interval 1.43-4.08; P = .001) and boys (odds ratio 2.61; confidence interval 1.70-4.0); P < .001).

CONCLUSION:

Non-HDL-C appears to be gender-specific and is cardiometabolically more associated with Saudi boys, despite higher levels in girls. It is inferior compared with triglycerides in assessing elevated glucose risk. Further investigations may provide a more definite value for non-HDL-C use as a biomarker in assessing cardiometabolic risk in the Arab adolescent population.