Publications

We have studied the genotoxic and apoptotic potential of ferric oxide nanoparticles (Fe2O3-NPs) in Raphanus sativus (radish). Fe2O3-NPs retarded the root length and seed germination in radish. Ultrathin sections of treated roots showed subcellular...
ZnO nanoparticles (ZnONPs) were synthesised through a simple and efficient biogenic synthesis approach, exploiting the reducing and capping potential of Aloe barbadensisMiller (A. vera) leaf extract (ALE). ALE-capped ZnO nanoparticles (ALE-ZnONPs)...
Background: Despite manifold benefits of nanoparticles (NPs), less information on the risks of NPs to human health and environment has been studied. Cobalt oxide nanoparticles (Co3O4-NPs) have been reported to cause toxicity in several organisms. In...
Recently, nanoscale (<100 nm) inorganic materials, especially spherical shaped zinc oxide (ZnO-QDs) have received significant attention from broad community because of their potential utalizations in various technologies. Due to their large...
We have evaluated the in vitro low dose hepatotoxic effects of two flame-retardants (BDE-47 and BDE-32) in HepG2 cells. Both congeners declined the viability of cells in MTT and NRU cell viability assays. Higher level of intracellular reactive...
Copper ferrite nanoparticles (NPs) have the potential to be applied in biomedical fields such as cell labeling and hyper- thermia. However, there is a lack of information concerning the toxicity of copper ferrite NPs. We explored the cytotoxic...
Envisaging the role of Co in theranautics and biomedicine it is immensely important to evaluate its anti- microbial activity. Hence in this study CoO thin nanosheets (CoO-TNs) were synthesized using wet chemical solution method at a very low...
Dexrazoxane is the only clinically approved cardioprotectant against anthracyclines-induced cardiotoxicity. Thus, detailed evaluation of the genotoxic potential of dexrazoxane and anthracyclines combination is essential to provide more insights into...
Rhamnolipids extracted from Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain JS-11 were utilized for synthesis of stable silver nanoparticles (Rh-AgNPs). The Rh-AgNPs (23 nm) were characterized by Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, atomic force...
A simple and rapid microwave assisted method of green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was developed using aqueous leaf extract of Eucalyptus globulus(ELE), and their antibacterial and antibiofilm potential investigated. With this aim, the...
A soft chemical solution process was used in synthesis of photocatalytic zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-PNPs) at low temperature. The synthesized PNPs were characterized in terms of their crystallinity, morphological, catalytic, spectroscopic and...
Increasing production and applications of nano zinc oxide particles (nano-ZnO) enhances the probability of its exposure in occupational and environmental settings, but toxicity studies are still limited. Taking the free Zn ion (Zn2+) as a control,...
Owing to the pharmacological potential of ATRA (all trans-retinoic acid), a series of retinamides and a 1-(retinoyl)-1,3-dicyclohexylurea compound were prepared by reacting ATRA with long chain alkyl or alkenyl fatty amines by using a 4-...
The present investigation was aimed to study the cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, and genotoxicity induced by molybdenum nanoparticles (Mo-NPs) in mouse skin fibroblast cells (L929). Cells were exposed to different concentrations (1–100 μg/ml) of Mo-...
Due to advent of nanotechnology, nickel nanoparticles (Ni NPs) are increasingly recognized for their utility in various applications including catalysts, sensors and electronics. However, the environmental and human health effects of Ni NPs have not...
Liver and breast cancer are the most traumatic diseases because they affect the major organs of the body. Nanomedicine recently emerged as a better option for the treatment of these deadly diseases. As a result, many nanoparticles have been used to...
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth most common solid tumor worldwide. The chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) is overexpressed in HCC and is a potential target for therapy. Although the transcription factor NF-κB regulates IL-8 expression, and...
The present study has demonstrated the translocation of zinc ferrite nanoparticles (ZnFe2O4-NPs) into the cytoplasm of human amnion epithelial (WISH) cells, and the ensuing cytotoxicity and genetic damage. The results suggested that in situ NPs...
Rotenone, a commonly used pesticide, is well documented to induce selective degeneration in dopaminergic neurons and motor dysfunction. Such rotenone-induced neurodegenration has been primarily suggested through mitochondria-mediated apoptosis and...
Nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiO-NPs) in the concentration range of 0.025–2.0 mg/ml were examined for the induction of oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptosis/necrosis in tomato seedling roots, as an in vivo model for nanotoxicity...
Male Wistar rats exposed to a systemic organophosphorus insecticide, phorate [O,O-diethyl S-[(ethylthio) methyl] phosphorothioate] at varying oral doses of 0.046, 0.092 or 0.184 mg phorate/kg bw for 14 days, exhibited substantial oxidative stress,...
The in vitro interaction of the organophosphorous insecticide (OPs) phorate with calf thymus DNA (ctDNA), and its potential to cause changes in cell cycle, membrane damage, and cytotoxicity leading to cell death (necrosis) was investigated in human...
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) induced cytotoxicity and DNA damage have been investigated using human amnion epithelial (WISH) cells, as an in vitro model for nanotoxicity assessment. Crystalline, polyhedral rutile TiO2-NPs were...
The nano-sized particles present in coal fly ash (CFA) were characterized through the X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission and scanning electron microscopy (TEM, SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR...
Butachlor is a systemic herbicide widely applied on rice, tea, wheat, beans and other crops; however, it concurrently exerts toxic effects on beneficial organisms like earthworms, aquatic invertebrates and other non-target animals including humans....
Phorate, an organophosphorus insecticide is known for its adverse effects on acetylcholinesterase, and other neuronal and pulmonary activities. Most likely, the toxicity of drugs/agrochemicals is modulated through cellular distribution bound to...
The intention of the present study was to answer the question whether the catalytic topoisomerase-II inhibitor, dexrazoxane, can be used as a modulator of teniposide-induced DNA damage and programmed cell death (apoptosis) in the bone marrow cells ...
Rotenone, a botanical insecticide is known to cause apoptosis in various cell types. Trans-resveratrol, a natural phytophenol present in red grapes and wine, is also well documented for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic, and...
Interaction of a genotoxic fungicide methyl thiophanate (MT) has been studied in vitro with calf thymus DNA. Fluorescence quenching data revealed the binding constant (Ka = 3.23 × 104 M−1) and binding capacity (n = 1.1) of MT with ctDNA. Ligand...
Fluorescence quenching data on interaction of a fungicide methyl thiophanate (MT) with human serum albumin (HSA) elucidated a primary binding site at sub-domain IIA. Stern–Volmer algorithm and double log plot revealed the binding affinity (Ka) and...
Dimethyl 4,4′ -(O-phenylene)bis(3-thioallophanate), commonly known as methyl thiophanate (MT), is a systemic fungicide and suspected carcinogen to humans. In this study, the oxidative potential of this category-III acute toxicant has been...
Dimethyl 4,4′-(O-phenylene)bis(3-thioallophanate), commonly known as methyl thiophanate (MT), is a category-III acute toxicant and suspected carcinogen to humans. Hence, the ability of this benzimidazole class of fungicide to engender DNA strand...
The critical need for development of reliable and eco-friendly processes for synthesis of metallic nanoparticles has recently been realized in the field of nanotechnology. Increasing awareness toward green chemistry and biological ­processes has...