Saleh Al Quraishy, Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Nashwa El Deeb, Sherein Maher, Essam Al-Shaebi, Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar (2019) Ultrastructure and phylogenetic characterization of the microsporidian parasite Heterosporis lessepsianus n. sp. (Microsporidia: Glugeidae)

Journal Article
مستخلص المنشور: 

Heterosporosis is an increasingly important microsporidian disease distributed worldwide, impacting wild and farmed-raised fish in both fresh and marine water environments. Twenty three out of 130 (17.69%) of the lizardfish Saurida lessepsianus were found to be naturally infected with microsporidian parasites. The rate of parasitic infection was increased during winter reaching 29.23% (19/65) and fall to 6.15% (4/65) in summer. The infection was recorded as numerous macroscopic whitish cysts reached 3.8-6.5 mm in diameter embedded in the abdominal cavity, skeletal muscles and mesenteric tissues of the infected fish inducing an enormous hypertrophy of infected tissues. Light microscopic examination revealed that parasitic foci were encapsulated by a host-derived fibrous membrane containing different developmental stages of the parasite. Spores were oval to pyriform in shape. Transmission electron microscopic study showed the presence of smooth membranes of the sarcoplasmic reticulum forming a thick, amorphous coat surrounding the various developmental stages of the examined parasite (meronts, sporont, sporoblasts, and spores). Mature spores were electron dense and uninucleate. The anchoring disk was found in a central position at the anterior end of the spore and a large vacuole was located at the posterior end. There was a definite number (7-8) of the polar filament turns. Molecular analysis based on the 16 small subunit (SSU) rDNA gene was performed to determine the phylogenetic position of the present parasite species. A 615 bp region of the 16SSU rDNA gene of the studied parasite was sequenced and deposited in GenBank under the accession number MF769371. Multiple sequence alignment demonstrated a high degree of similarity (>82%) with other twenty microsporidian species isolated from different aquatic hosts. The most closely related sequence was provided by the GenBank entry JF745533 for Heterosporis saurida isolated from the marine fish Saurida undosquamis with the highest percentage of identity (98%) and lowest divergence value (0.9). The ultrastructural characteristics and phylogenetic analysis support the recognition of a new species, herein named Heterosporis lessepsianus sp. n.