Species richness of scavenger insects on different carcass types

Journal Article
A, Mashaly A. M., Al-Ajmi R. A., Rady A., Al-Musawi Z., Farrukh . 2019
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
Tropical Biomedicine
Issue Number: 
3
Volume Number: 
36
Publication Abstract: 

The type and amount of resources available significantly influences the structure and dynamics of food webs. In this study, we analyzed differences in species richness of scavengers based on carcass type in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We collected insects from experimental carcasses of three different types, domestic dogs (Canidae, Canis lupus familiaris), Hijazi goats (Bovidae, Capra aegagrus hircus), and camels (Camelidae, Camelus dromedarius). Data collection was conducted during the decay stage in June, 2016. We used mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (mtCOI) barcodes as a marker for the molecular identification of the scavenger insects. The results showed that there were more insects on the camels and goats than the dogs. In total, seven species were found on all carrions. Six species were found on the camels and goats, but only five were found on the dog. Musca domestica was the most collected species of flies whereas, Necrobia rufipes was the most collected species of beetles. Overall, this study showed that carrion type had an effect on the number of insects attracted to the carrions. Thus, one of the significant factors that influence the associated scavenger assemblage is a carcass type