Montbresides A–D: Antibacterial p-coumaroyl esters of a new sucrose-based tetrasaccharide from Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora (montbretia) flowers

Journal Article
C.Fry, Author links open overlay panelShaguftaPerveenaIan H.SadlerbRahaOrfaliaAreej MohammadAl-TaweelaLornaMurraybStephen . 2019
Publication Work Type: 
Fitoterapia, Elsevier
Tags: 
Full length research paper
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2019.104377
Pages: 
1-8
Publication Abstract: 

Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora (montbretia) flowers yielded four esters (montbresides A–D) of a new sucrose-based tetrasaccharide, 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-4´-O-α-d-rhamnopyranosyl-sucrose [β-d-Glc-(1 → 3)-α-d-Glc-(1↔2)-β-d-Fru-(4 ← 1)-α-d-Rha]. All four possess O-p-coumaroyl residues on C-3 of fructose and C-4 of α-glucose, plus O-acetyl residues on C-2 and C-3 of rhamnose and C-6 of fructose. Montbresides A and B are additionally O-acetylated on C-1 of fructose. The p-coumaroyls are trans- in montbresides A and C and cis- in B and D. Elemental compositions were determined from MS data, and structures from 1D and 2D NMR spectra. Monosaccharide residues were identified from selective 1D TOCSY spectra and TLC, and acylation sites from 2D HMBC spectra. Enantiomers were distinguished by enzymic digestion. Montbretia flower extracts were cytotoxic against six human cancerous cell-lines, but purified montbresides lacked cytotoxicity. Each montbreside displayed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (minimal inhibitory concentration ~6 μg/ml). Montbretia is a potential source of new cytotoxins and antibacterial agents.