Hepatoprotective and cytotoxic activities of Anvillea garcinii and isolation of four new secondary metabolites

Journal Article
Abdel-Kader, Shagufta PerveenEmail authorAreej Mohammad Al-TaweelHasan Soliman YusufogluGhada Ahmed FawzyAhmed FoudahMaged Saad . 2017
Publication Work Type: 
Journal of Natural Medicines, Springer
Tags: 
Full length research paper
Publication Abstract: 

Anvillea garcinii is a medicinal plant traditionally used for the treatment of dysentery, gastrointestinal troubles, hepatitis, lung disease, colds, digestive problems and pulmonary affections and in liver diseases. Four new sesquiterpene lactones, garcinamines A–D, along with seven known compounds, were isolated from the leaves of A. garcinii. This is the first report of the isolation of amino acid analogues of parthenolide-type sesquiterpene lactones from the family Asteraceae. Total ethanol extract of leaves as well as the chloroform and n-butanol fractions were tested for their hepatoprotective effect using the carbon tetrachloride liver toxicity model. The chloroform fraction, at a dose of 400 mg/kg, demonstrated a significant hepatoprotective effect comparable to silymarin in all serum and tissue parameters. The cytotoxicity of all extracts and compounds were evaluated against five human cancer cell lines: MCF-7, HCT-116, HepG2, Hela and A-549. The results indicated that the chloroform and n-butanol fractions and compounds 3, 4, 7 and 8 displayed significant cytotoxic activity against these cell lines.