Two-atom system as a nano-antenna for mode switching and light routing

Journal Article
Ficek, V. E. Lembessis, A. AlRsheed, O. M. AlDossary and Z. . 2013
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Publication Abstract: 

We determine howa system composed of two nonidentical two-level atoms with different resonance frequencies

and different damping rates could work as a nanoantenna for controlled mode switching and light routing. We

calculate the angular distribution of the emitted field detected in a far-field zone of the system including the direct

interatomic interactions and arbitrary linear dimensions of the system. The calculation is carried out in terms of

the symmetric and antisymmetric modes of the two-atom system.We find that as long as the atoms are identical,

the emission cannot be switched between the symmetric and antisymmetric modes. The switching may occur

when the atoms are nonidentical and the emission can then be routed to different modes by changing the relative

ratio of the atomic frequencies, or damping rates, or by a proper tuning of the laser frequency to the atomic

resonance frequencies. It is shown that in the case of atoms of different resonance frequencies but equal damping

rates, the light routing is independent of the frequency of the driving laser field. It depends only on the sign of the

detuning between the atomic resonance frequencies. In the case of atoms of different damping rates, the emission

can be switched between different modes by changing the laser frequency from the blue to red detuned from the

atomic resonance. The effect of the interatomic interactions is also considered, and it is found that in the case of

unequal resonance frequencies of the atoms, the interactions slightly modify the visibility of the intensity pattern.

The case of unequal damping rates of the atoms is affected rather more drastically, the light routing becoming

asymmetric under the dipole-dipole interaction with the enhanced intensities of the modes turned towards the

atom of smaller damping rate.

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