T1 and T2 ADAM33 single nucleotide polymorphisms and the risk of childhood asthma in a Saudi Arabian population: a pilot study

Journal Article
Khayyat, Arwa Ishaq A . 2012
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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES

Genetic association studies have demonstrated that over 100 variants in target genes (including ADAM33) are associated with airway remodeling and hyper-responsiveness in different ethnic groups; however, this has never been evaluated in Arabic populations. The objective of this study was to determine whether ADAM33 polymorphisms that are associated with asthma in a population of asthmatic children from Saudi Arabia.

DESIGN AND SETTING

A cross-sectional pilot study comparing the polymorphisms of normal subjects and asthmatic patients from Saudi Arabia over a period of 1 year.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

One hundred and seven Saudi asthmatic children and 87 healthy Saudi children of 3–12 years old were assessed for allelic association of ADAM33 T1 (rs2280091), T2 (rs2280090), ST+4 (rs44707) and S1 (rs3918396) SNPs to asthma. Genotyping was done by real-time PCR, multiplex ARMS and PCR-RFLP.

RESULTS

T1 and T2 SNP genotype frequencies in asthmatic children were significantly different compared to controls (P<.05), indicating allelic association with asthma. The T1 A/G and G/G and the T2 A/G and A/A genotypes (P=.0013 and P=.008, respectively) but not S1 and ST+4, increased the risk of asthma when using the best fit dominant model. Strong linkage disequilibrium between T1 (rs2280091) and T2 (rs2280090) was observed (r2=0.83; D′=0.95; P<.001). The haplotype G-A-A-C was significantly more frequent in asthmatics, thus supporting the association of T1 G-allele and T2 A-allele with increased predisposition to asthma (P=.007).

CONCLUSIONS

T1 A/G and T2 G/A ADAM33 polymorphisms, but not S1 or ST+4, were significantly associated with asthma development in Saudi children, like those reported for white and Hispanic populations in the United States.