The genus Harmonia (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) in the Middle East region

Journal Article
نوع عمل المنشور: 
S H O R T C O M M U N I C A T I O N
المجلة \ الصحيفة: 
ACTA ENTOMOLOGICA MUSEI NATIONALIS PRAGAE
رقم العدد: 
59(1)
رقم الإصدار السنوي: 
1804-6487
الصفحات: 
163–170
مستخلص المنشور: 

The harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas, 1773), is native to Asia but
has been introduced to many countries, both intentionally and unintentionally. In the Middle
East region, H. axyridis was so far only known from Iran and Turkey. This study reports H.
axyridis for the fi rst time from a country with a hot desert climate, Saudi Arabia. The single
specimen that was found is most likely the result of unintentional release. Successful spreading
of H. axyridis in Saudi Arabia will be limited because of high temperatures during summer
and scarcity of prey (aphids). New records from Iran and Turkey suggest fast spreading of
H. axyridis in these parts of the Middle East. In addition, we also present new records from
Iran and Turkey for H. quadripunctata (Pontoppidan, 1763), the other species in the genus
that occurs in the Middle East region. A key and illustrations are provided for both species.

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