Phylogenetic analysis of three endogenous species of fish from Saudi Arabia verified that Cyprinion acinaes hijazi is a sub-species of Cyprinion acinaces acinases

Journal Article
Publication Abstract: 

Cyprinion acinaces are ray-finned fish belongs to genus Cyprinion. Previous studies have reported that this
species has two subspecies, Cyprinion acinaces acinaces, and, Cyprinion acinaes hijazi, however, the validity
of later was always in doubt. In past, this fishes were classified merely based on morphological characteristics,
and modern biotechnology related tools were never used, which would had been helpful, to
authenticate the subspecies status between closely related species. This is the first study to report the
classification of the major endemic fish species of Saudi Arabia based on phylogenetic analysis. The cytochrome
b gene sequences of Cyprinion acinaces acinases, and Carasobarbus aponesis were determined for
the first time, and were deposited in public Gene data Bank. The phylogenetic tree clearly grouped the
species into two major clusters, which are divided into four sub-clusters. The phylogenetic analysis supports
the early taxonomic classification and validated that C. acinaes hijazi is a subspecies of C. acinaces
acinaces. The phylogenetic tree constructed from the cytochrome b sequence also indicated that B. aponesis
found in Saudi Arabia is genetically closely related to C. luteus.
2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Saud University. This is an open access

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