Association of urinary non-albumin protein with the different urinary marker for glomerular and tubular damage in patients with type 2 diabetes

Journal Article
, Khalid Siddiqui, Salini Scaria Joy, Shaik Sarfaraz Nawaz, Dhekra Alnaqeb, Muhammad Mujammami & Khalid Al-Rubeaan . 2020
Publication Work Type: 
Research Article
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
BMC Nephrology
Issue Number: 
255
Volume Number: 
21
Publication Abstract: 

Background/aim

In recent years, the diagnostic utility of urinary protein levels has been demonstrated for the early detection and progression of kidney disease. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of the non-albumin protein (NAP) with different urinary marker for tubular and glomerular damage in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
Methods
In this observational cross-sectional study, 424 patients with T2D duration > 10 years were classified into two groups according to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The ratios of different urinary markers (albumin, NAP, total protein, transferrin, retinol-binding protein (RBP), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) to creatinine were analyzed.
Results
The levels of urinary biomarkers increased significantly with decrease in eGFR levels. In the group with moderately decreased eGFR, the albumin to-creatinine ratio (ACR), non-albumin protein-to-creatinine ratio (NAPCR), and total protein-to-creatinine ratio (PCR) were independently associated with all urinary markers after being adjusted for risk factors. The area under the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve for ACR and PCR had a better diagnostic value than other urinary biomarkers. Comparing ROC curve of NAPCR with other urinary biomarkers, it was significantly better than NGAL/Cr (p = 0.033).
Conclusions
The findings of the present study confirm that ACR and PCR are diagnostic biomarkers in T2D patients with decreased eGFR. NAPCR in these patients diagnostically only outperformed NGAL/Cr.

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