INFLUENCE OF 2 ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR POLYMORPHISM

Journal Article
Daghestani3,, Maha H. Daghestani1, Maha Omair2, Mazin . 2021
نوع عمل المنشور: 
نشر علمي
المجلة \ الصحيفة: 
J Med Biochem 40: , 2021
رقم العدد: 
1
رقم الإصدار السنوي: 
40
الصفحات: 
74–85
مستخلص المنشور: 

Abstract

Background

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a frequently encountered disorder. This study aimed to identify polymorphisms in ADRB2 in Saudi PCOS development and to study its influence on lipids, hormones, and anthropometric parameters.

Methods

Saudi females (100) suffering from PCOS and healthy controls (100) were investigated. The estimation of cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), plasma glucose, leptin Insulin, and ghrelin were carried out. The DNA was extracted, and ADRB2 fragment carrying the exon 1 was amplified and sequenced.

Results

The waist, W/H ratio, lipids, glucose, and insulin were significantly higher in the obese PCOS compared to the normal weight group. The leptin and ghrelin were not different. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): rs1042713 (Arg16Gly; A>G) and rs1042714 (Gln27Glu; C>G) were identified. The genotype and allele frequency of rs1042713 did not differ in the total PCOS and normal weight, and obese PCOS compare to the controls. However, rs1042714 was significantly associated with PCOS development, where the minor G allele was protective against PCOS development.

Conclusions

The rs1042714 polymorphism of the ADRB associates with PCOS development in Saudis, while rs1042713 does not. However, the GG genotype of rs1042713 associates significantly with elevated BMI, waist, hip, W/H, and leptin, and decreased ghrelin. On the other hand, rs1042714 genotypes do not associate with any abnormality except the homozygous GG have higher triglycerides and lower HDL-C. Interestingly, glucose showed different correlation patterns in individuals carrying different genotypes of the two studied SNP, indicating clearly that the metabolic responses to a normal nutrient are significantly influenced by the genotypes of the SNPs in ADRB2.

Keywords: beta-adrenergic receptor, leptin, lipids, polycystic ovary syndrome, single nucleotide polymorphism

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