Review of The African and Arabian Moringa Species. Chemistry, Bioactivity, and Therapeutic Applications

Journal Article
Publication Work Type: 
Book Review
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
Journal of Natural Products
Publication Abstract: 

The Moringaceae plant family includes taxonomically amonogeneric genus calledMoringa, which encompasses13 species endemic to the African, Arabian, and Indianprovinces. This book takes the reader on an enjoyable journeythat stops by four stations (sections). It contains 13 chaptersemphasizing heavily the socioeconomical, chemical, andpharmacological aspects of the plant family. AlthoughM.oleiferais the most commonly used species of this family, thefocus of this book isM. stenpetala. The last section provides aglimpse on the otherMoringaspecies concisely.Thefirst section provides an overview of the taxonomicalnomenclature, the geographic distribution, and the morpho-logical dissimilarities between the two commonly used species,M. stenopetalaandM. oleifera, in addition to the historicalsignificance and medicinal uses. The chemistry sectionsummarizes the oil components and chemical compositionsreported such as terpenoids,flavonoids, isothiocyanates, andglucosinolates including proposed biosynthetic pathways. Also,quantitative analysis of phytochemicals derived fromM.stenpetalaand HPLCfingerprint methods for quality controlwere discussed. The third section illustrates the toxicology andpharmacology issues exerted by the extract or the principalcomponents biosynthesized by M. stenopetala taking into the account the investigated mechanism of actions. A book such as The African and Arabian Moringa Species is aworthy and up to date source for the researchers and students who are interested in the chemistry and pharmacologyperspectives ofMoringaspecies, particularlyM. stenopetala.The figures, schemes, and tables with clear species specimens,secondary metabolite structures, GC and HPLC profiles, and mechanism of actions enable the readers to understand thecontent efficiently. The concern is that the title of the book isvery broad compared with the content, in which the coreelement is focused on M. stenopetalain detail