Methyl thiophanate as a DNA minor groove binder produces MT-Cu(II)-DNA ternary complex preferably with AT rich region for initiation of DNA damage

Journal Article
J, Saquib, Q., Al-Khedhairy, A.A., Al-Arifi, Dutta, S., Dasgupta, S., Musarrat, . 2010
Publication Work Type: 
KSU Research Work
Magazine \ Newspaper: 
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Issue Number: 
1
Volume Number: 
47
Pages: 
68–75
Publication Abstract: 

Interaction of a genotoxic fungicide methyl thiophanate (MT) has been studied in vitro with calf thymus DNA. Fluorescence quenching data revealed the binding constant (Ka = 3.23 × 104 M−1) and binding capacity (n = 1.1) of MT with ctDNA. Ligand displacement studies using specific probes suggested the MT binding at DNA minor groove. The docking analysis further substantiated MT interaction with at least three AT base pairs within the DNA groove. A discernable change in E0′ value with decreased peak currents in cyclic voltammogram, and peak shifts in CD spectra reflected the formation of MT–ctDNA and MT–ctDNA–Cu(II) complexes. The results elucidate the significance of specific MT–DNA interactions as an initiating event in MT-induced DNA damage.