Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Kohar G. Varjabedian, Saleh Al Quraishy, Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Mona Fol, Noha Talal (2020) Morphological description and phylogenetic assessment of 28S rRNA for Thelandros chalcidiae sp. nov. from Chalcides ocellatus. Molecular Biology

Journal Article
مستخلص المنشور: 

Background : Thelandros is a genus of oxyurid nematodes which parasitize both omnivorous and herbivorous hosts. Materials and Methods: Thelandros chalcidiae sp. nov. is a new taxa described from the large intestine of the ocellated skink, Chalcides ocellatus, from the South Sinai Desert in Egypt. The recovered parasite species was examined at both morphological and molecular levels in order to determine the exact taxonomic position within Pharyngodonidae family. Results: The current pharyngodonid species is characterized by a mouth opening bounded by three bilobed lips; male worms are characterized by the presence of two pairs of cloacal papillae (pre- and adcloacal) and one single caudal papillae (postcloacal) and caudal alae in an auricular form and females with post-equatorial vulva, amphidelphic ovary in which anterior ovary extended to level of excretory pore and posterior ovary extended posteriorly up anal opening. The recovered nematodes were compared with other known species from different hosts and it was found to be morphologically different from them. Molecular characterization based on the partial 28S rRNA nuclear ribosomal gene sequence showed sequence identities ≥83.15% with taxa under family Pharyngodonidae, 74.84-87.37% with Oxyuridae, 80.54% with Heteroxynematidae, and 75.98-77.72% with Thelastomatidea. Phylogenetic analysis showed that parasite sequence in conjunction with existing data facilitate placement of this species within Oxyurida. The present species is deeply embedded in genus Thelandros with close relationships to previously described Thelandros sp. and T. galloti in same taxon. Conclusion: This study highlighted importance of combining morphological and genetic data with taxonomy in pharyngodonid species.