Synthesis and Biological Activity of Structurally Diverse Phthalazine derivatives: A Systematic Review

Journal Article
Issue Number: 
18
Volume Number: 
27
Pages: 
3979-3997
Publication Abstract: 

Phthalazine, a structurally and pharmacologically versatile nitrogen-containing heterocycle, has gained more attention from medicinal chemists in the design and synthesis of novel drugs owing to its pharmacological potential. In particular, phthalazine scaffold appeared as a pharmacophoric feature numerous drugs exhibiting pharmacological activities, in particular, antidiabetic, anticancer, antihypertensive, antithrombotic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antidepressant and antimicrobial activities. This review presents a summary of updated and detailed information on phthalazine as illustrated in both patented and non-patented literature. The reported literature have described the optimal pharmacological characteristics of phthalazine derivatives and highlighted the applicability of phthalazine, as potent scaffold in drug discovery.